Chemical Fertilisers Control Act

Act 31 of 1978


Mauritius

Chemical Fertilisers Control Act

Act 31 of 1978

  • Commenced on 1 March 1980
  • [This is the version of this document at 30 June 2017.]

1. Short title

This Act may be cited as the Chemical Fertilisers Control Act.

2. Interpretation

In this Act—"basic element" means any element specified in the First Schedule;"chemical fertiliser" means any substance containing one or more of the basic elements used as a fertiliser;"deleterious ingredients", in relation to a chemical fertiliser, includes any soluble salts or any other substances likely to be injurious to plant growth;"Government Analyst" means any chemist of the Ministry responsible for the subject of agriculture;"licensee" means a person licensed under section 3;"Minister" means the Minister to whom responsibility for the subject of agriculture is assigned;"Permanent Secretary" means the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry;"sampling officer" means an officer of the Ministry authorised to take samples;"statutory description" means the description specified in the second column of the Second Schedule in respect of a chemical fertiliser speci­fied in the first column of that Schedule.

3. Licences

(1)Any person wishing to sell chemical fertilisers shall make an applica­tion in the prescribed manner.
(2)Where the Minister is satisfied that chemical fertilisers may safely be sold on premises in respect of which the application is made, he may, on payment of the prescribed fee, grant to any person a licence for such period as he may determine.
(3)Subject to section 4, no person shall sell any chemical fertiliser ex­cept on premises in respect of which he holds a licence.
(4)A licence granted under subsection (2)—
(a)shall be subject to such terms and conditions as the Minister may determine at the time of the issue of the licence or at any time during the currency of the licence;
(b)may be renewed on payment of the prescribed fee; and
(c)may, where the licensee fails to comply with this Act or with any condition attached to the licence, be revoked.

4. Containers, labels and prohibitions

(1)Subject to subsection (4), no chemical fertiliser shall be sold except in completely sealed containers.
(2)Every container shall bear from outside a conspicuous label or other device specifying—
(a)the name of the chemical fertiliser, its manufacturer and batch number;
(b)its composition, including its moisture percentage; and
(c)in the case of a chemical fertiliser specified in the first column of the Second Schedule, the particulars of the basic elements set out in the third column of that Schedule.
(3)No chemical fertiliser specified in the first column of the Second Schedule shall be sold under any brand or description unless its composition or the limits of variation comply with the specifications respectively set out in the third and fourth columns of the Second Schedule.
(4)Subsection (1) shall not apply to the sale of a chemical fertiliser in a quantity not exceeding 5 kilograms, where, for the purpose of the sale, the chemical fertiliser is removed from a container which complies with subsec­tion (2).

5. Powers of sampling officer

(1)For the purposes of this Act, a sampling officer may—
(a)at all reasonable times, enter any premises where chemical fertil­isers are stored or sold; and
(b)subject to subsection (2), obtain or take samples of any chemical fertiliser in the manner specified in the Third Schedule.
(2)Where for the purposes of analysis, a sampling officer requires a sample of a chemical fertiliser in the possession or under the control of any person, he shall—
(a)purchase the sample;
(b)inform the person of his intention to cause it to be analysed;
(c)divide the sample into 3 parts, which he shall mark, seal, sign and cause to be signed by the person;
(d)deliver the first part of the sample to the person;
(e)retain the second part for future comparison;
(f)submit the third part to a Government Analyst for analysis.

6. Certificate of analysis

(1)A certificate of analysis emanating from a Government Analyst shall be­—
(a)in the form set out in Part I of the Fourth Schedule;
(b)delivered free of charge to—
(i)the sampling officer;
(ii)the person from whom the sample was obtained.
(2)No certificate of analysis shall be receivable in evidence unless it is signed by—
(a)a Government Analyst; or
(b)a person holding the qualifications set out in Part II of the Fourth Schedule.

7. Sample to be produced in Court

(1)Where in the course of any proceedings under this Act, the conclu­sions contained in a certificate of analysis signed by the Government Analyst are disputed, the sampling officer shall produce in Court that part of the sample retained under section 5 (2) (e).
(2)The Court shall, on such terms as to costs as it thinks fit, order a joint analysis of the part of the sample produced under subsection (1) by the Government Analyst and any analyst holding the qualifications set out in Part II of the Fourth Schedule designated by the person disputing the certifi­cate of the Government Analyst.

8. Power to seize chemical fertiliser

Where the Permanent Secretary reasonably believes that a person has in his possession any chemical fertiliser
(a)having a composition which exceeds the limits of variation speci­fied in the fourth column of the Second Schedule; or
(b)in breach of this Act or any regulation made under it,
he may seize the chemical fertiliser.

9. Offences

(1)Any person who—
(a)sells any chemical fertiliser containing deleterious ingredients;
(b)sells any chemical fertiliser having a composition which exceeds the limits of variation specified in the fourth column of the Sec­ond Schedule;
(c)affixes any false or misleading label in relation to the particulars, description or composition of any chemical fertiliser;
(d)tampers with any sample taken or submitted for analysis;
(e)obstructs a sampling officer in the execution of his duties under this Act;
(f)fails to comply with an order of the Court under section 7 (2); or
(g)contravenes this Act, any regulation made under this Act or any condition attached to a licence,
shall commit an offence.
(2)Every person who commits an offence shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding 1,000 rupees and to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months.
(3)The Court before which a person is convicted of an offence may, in addition to any penalty imposed, order any chemical fertiliser in respect of which the offence was committed to be forfeited.
(4)No proceedings shall be taken, in respect of any misstatement as to the particulars to be furnished under section 4 (2) in relation to a chemical fertiliser, where the particulars do not exceed the limits of variation specified in the fourth column of the Second Schedule.

10. Regulations

The Minister may—
(a)make such regulations as he thinks fit for the purposes of this Act;
(b)by regulations, amend the Schedules.

First Schedule (Section 2)

Basic elements

CalciumMagnesiumNitrogenPhosphorus (Phosphoric acid)Potassium (Potash)Silicon

Second Schedule (Section 2)

Name under which chemical fertiliser is soldStatutory descriptionParticulars of basic elements*Limits of variation
Ammonium nitrateAmmonium nitrate for fertilising purposesAmount of nitrogenNitrogen 1/20 of the amount stated
Basic slagA by-product, con­taining phospho­rous obtained in the manufacture of steel to which no addition has been made the time of leaving or after it has left the furnaceTotal amount of phosphoric acid amount of the material that will pass through a British Standard Text Sieve Mesh No. 100. Amount of phos­phoric acid solu­ble in 2% citric acid and amount of silicic acid soluble in N/2 hydro-chloric acidTotal phosphoric acid 1 %; silicic acid soluble in N/2 hydrochloric acid. Amount that will pass through a 0.5 mm sieve, 1/20 of the amount stated, limit of variation of soluble silica 1.5%; Phospho­ric acid 1/20
Bone phosphate precipitated; decalcium bone phos­phateAn insoluble cal­cium phosphate prepared by treating com­mercially pure bone with acid and precipitation of phosphate from the solutionAmount of phos­phoric acid solu­ble in citric acidPhosphoric acid soluble in citric acid, 1 %
Calcium metasilicateA by-product con­taining soluble silicon, for fertil­ising purposesAmount of silicic acid soluble in N/2 hydrochloric acid; amount of the article that will pass through a British Stan­dard Test Sieve Mesh No. 100Silicic acid soluble in N/2 hydrochlo­ric acid; limit of variation of solu­ble silica 1.5%
Compound fertiliserMixed fertiliserA product contain­ing one or more of the basic ele­ments specified in the First Schedule and ob­tained by mixing one or more of the articles speci­fied in the first column of this Schedule with any other sub­stance not harm­ful to vegetationTotal amount of nitrogen, phos­phoric acid and potash respec­tively soluble in water and mag­nesium when present(a)Nitrogen + Phosphoric acid + Potash + Magnesium + + 0.6% where the amount stated does not ex­ceed 8%(b)Nitrogen + Phosphoric acid + Potash + +1/15 where the amount stated exceeds 8%(c)Magnesium, 1/10 of the amount stated, where the amount stated exceeds 8%: Provided that the variation from each amount stated shall not ex­ceed 1.75% and, where the total of the amounts stated is 25% or over, the amount of all variations taken together, after setting off deficiencies against ex­cesses, shall not exceed 1/20 of the aforesaid total
Muriate of potashPotassium chloride for fertilising purposes and containing not less than 60% potash  
Nitrate of limeCalcium nitrate for fertilising purposes and containing not less than 13% nitrogenAmount of nitrogenNitrogen 0.5%
Nitrate of potashPotassium nitrate for fertilising purposes, and containing not less than 13% nitrogen and 40% potashAmount of nitrogen and potash respectivelyNitrogen 0.5%; potash 2%
Nitrate of sodaSodium nitrate for fertilising purposes, and containing not less than 16% nitrogenAmount of nitrogenNitrogen 0.5%
Mineral rock phosphatePhosphate rock from mineral calcium phosphate deposits to which no other matter has been addedTotal amount of phosphoric acid; amount of phosphoric acid soluble in 2% citric acid;Total phosphoric acid 1/20 and phosphoric soluble in 2% citric acid
Rock phosphatePhosphate rock from organic origin, commonly called phosphatic guano, ground and screened to pass through a specific sieveAmount of the article that will pass through a specific sieveAmount that will pass through the British Standard Test Sieve No. 100, 1/20 of the amount stated
Phosphate of ammoniumAmmonium phosphate for fertilising purposesAmount of nitrogen and phosphoric acid respectivelyNitrogen 1/20 Phosphoric acid 1/30
Potassium salts Amount of potash(a)1% where the percentage of potash stated does not exceed 15; or(b)2% where the percentage of potash stated exceeds 15
Quick limeCommercial calcium oxideAmount of calcium oxideCalcium oxide 1/10 of the amount stated
Slaked limeThe product obtained by slaking burnt limeAmount of calcium oxideCalcium oxide 1/10 of the amount stated
Sulphate of ammoniaAmmonium sulphate for fertilising purposes and containing not less than 21%Amount of nitrogen; amount of free acid, if anyNitrogen 0.3%
Super phosphatePhosphate rock which has been treated with sulphuric acid and containing not less than 18% phosphoric acidAmount of phosphoric acid soluble in waterPhosphoric acid soluble in water 1/20 of the amount stated
SweepingsFertilisers or a mixture of fertilisers collected from damaged bags and sold either loose or re-baggedTotal amount of nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potash respectively soluble in water(a)Nitrogen+Phosphoricacid + Potash+ +1% wherethe amountstated doesnot exceed 8%(b)Nitrogen + Phosphoric acid + Potash + 1/10 of the amount stated, where the amount stated exceeds 8%
Triple superphosphate (or concentrated superphosphate)Phosphate rock which has been treated with phosphoric acid only and containing not less than 42% phosphoric acidAmount of phosphoric acid soluble in waterPhosphoric acid soluble in water 1/20
UreaUrea for fertilising purposes and containing not more than 1.5% biuretAmount of nitrogenNitrogen 0.3%
In the particulars—
(a)Nitrogen is to be stated in terms of nitrogen (N).
(b)Phosphoric acid is to be stated in terms of phosphoric anhydrid (P2O5).
(c)Potash is to be stated in terms of potassium oxide (K2O). Free acid is to be stated in terms of sulphuric acid (H2SO4).
(d)Calcium oxide is to be stated in terms of calcium oxide (CaO).
(e)Magnesium is to be stated in terms of magnesium oxide (MgO).
(f)The amount in each case is to be stated as a definite percentage of the weight of the material and not as a range of percentages.

Third Schedule (Section 5)

Samples shall be taken and dealt with as follows—
1.Where the weight of the whole quantity does not exceed 50 kilograms or where the whole quantity is in one container, the sample may consist of such portion of the quantity as is fairly representative of the whole and shall not be less than 1.5 pounds in weight.
2.Where the chemical fertiliser is in packages, only unopened packages shall be selected.
3.Where the chemical fertiliser is in a state of fine division—
(a)in packages—where the chemical fertiliser is in packages and the quantity exceeds 50 kilograms, a number of packages shall be selected as follows—
 Quantity to be takenBut not fewer packages than
(i)where the quantity—  
 (A)exceeds one package but does not exceed 20 packages202
(B)exceeds 20 package but does not exceed 50 packages104
(C)exceeds 50 package but does not exceed 200 packages76
(D)exceeds 200 package but does not exceed 500 packages515
(E)exceeds 500 package but does not exceed 1,000 packages425
(F)exceeds 1,000 package340
(ii)
(A)the selected packages shall be emptied separately on a clean dry surface and worked up with a shovel and one shovelful taken from each. The shovelfuls shall be thoroughly mixed to­gether and any lumps broken up; or
(B)where the material is of a suitable nature, a portion shall be taken from each selected package by means of a sampling spear. The separate portions taken shall be thoroughly mixed together;
(iii)from the mixture obtained, if the sample is more than one kilogram in weight, it shall be drawn as follows—
(A)the mixture shall be heaped to form a cone;
(B)the cone shall be flattened and quartered;
(C)the 2 diagonally opposite quarters shall be rejected;
(iv)the remainder mixed; and
(v)the quartering and rejecting shall be continued until the remainder is about 3/4 to one kilogram in weight;
(b)in bulk—where the chemical fertiliser is in bulk, a number of portions shall be taken with a shovel or a sampling spear as follows—
   No. of portions
(i)where the quantity— 
 (A)exceeds 50 kilograms but does not exceed one ton4
(B)exceeds one ton but does not exceed 2 tons6
(C)exceeds 2 tons but does not exceed 5 tons10
(D)exceeds 5 tons but does not exceed 10 tons15
(E)exceeds 10 ton but does not exceed 25 tons25
(F)exceeds 25 ton but does not exceed 50 tons40
(G)exceeds 50 tons but does not exceed 100 tons60
(H)exceeds 100 tons for each additional 10 tons or part thereof2
(ii)the portions taken shall be treated and the sample drawn in the man­ner specified in subparagraph (a) (ii) and (iii).
4.Where the chemical fertiliser is in a coarse or lump condition—
(a)in packages—the packages selected according to the appropriate scale specified in paragraph 3 (a) (i) shall be crushed to pass through a sieve with meshes 11/4 inch square before the final sample of about 1 to 11/2 kilograms in weight is drawn in the manner specified in para­graph 3 (a) (ii) and (iii);
(b)in bulk—shovelfuls shall be taken according to the appropriate scale specified in paragraph 3 (b) (i) and shall be treated and a sample drawn in the manner specified in paragraph 3 (a) (ii) and (iii).
5.Where the chemical fertiliser is in a fluid condition—
(a)in bottles or containers containing not more than one litre, the num­ber of bottles or containers shall be selected in accordance with the appropriate scale specified in paragraph 3 (a) (i). The contents of the selected bottles shall be emptied into a clean dry glass or glazed earthenware vessel and well mixed by stirring or shaking. From the mixture a sample of about 1litres shall be drawn, the mixture be­ing stirred or shaken until immediately before the sample is drawn;
(b)in containers each containing more than one litre the number of con­tainers shall be selected in accordance with the appropriate scale specified in paragraph 3 (a) (i). The selected containers shall be well shaken or the contents agitated or otherwise treated to ensure uni­formity. An approximately equal proportion of the fluid shall then be taken immediately from each of the selected containers, emptied into a clean dry glass or glazed earthenware vessel and treated as speci­fied in subparagraph (a).

Fourth Schedule (Section 6)

Part I – Certificate delivered under the Chemical Fertilisers Control Act

To (1) ______________(1)Insert the name and address of the person who submitted the sample for analysis.I, ______________ Analyst, certify that on the ______ day of ____________ 20 ______ a sample marked __________ and weighing/measuring (2)__________ (3)__________ was submitted to me by (1)__________ as a sample of __________ for analysis.(2)Delete the inappropriate words.(3)This may be left unanswered if the sample cannot be conveniently weighed or measured or the weight or measurement is not material to the result of the analysis.I further certify that the sample was analysed by me/or under my direction (2) and as a result of analysis, I am of opinion that (4) __________(2)Delete the inappropriate words.(4)Here the Analyst should specify the result of the analysis in the light of the Chemical Fertilisers Control Act.The Analyst may—
(a)insert his opinion—
(i)whether the analysis indicates any addition, abstraction or defi­ciency or the presence of foreign matter or other defect and whether the nature, substance or quality is thereby affected;
(ii)on any physical, chemical or other properties bearing on the nature, substance or quality of the fertiliser;
(iii)whether the fertiliser is injurious to the soil and to the plant; and
(b)add any observation he considers relevant.
Date ____________________Signed ____________________ Analyst

Part II – Qualification of Analyst authorised to issue certificate under the Chemical Fertilisers Control Act

The Analyst shall—
(a)be a registered agricultural chemist under the Agricultural Chemists Act, or have professional qualifications in chemistry which are in the opinion of the Minister equivalent; or
(b)have successfully completed a course of studies in the science and analysis of chemical fertilisers in an institution recognised for this purpose by the Minister.
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History of this document

30 June 2017 this version
Consolidation
01 March 1980
Commenced