Prevention of Terrorism Act

Act 2 of 2002


Mauritius

Prevention of Terrorism Act

Act 2 of 2002

  • Commenced on 16 March 2002
  • [This is the version of this document at 30 June 2017.]

Part I – Preliminary

1. Short title

This Act may be cited as the Prevention of Terrorism Act.

2. Interpretation

In this Act—"act of terrorism" means an act specified in section 3;"bank"—(a)has the same meaning as in the Banking Act; and(b)includes any person licensed under the Banking Act to carry on deposit taking business;"cash dealer" has the same meaning as in the Banking Act;"Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Police;"Committee" means the Committee set up under section 21;"control order" means an order issued under section 28A;"Director" means the Director of the Counterterrorism Unit referred to in section 18;"financial institution" means any institution or person regulated by any of the enactments specified in the First Schedule;"Government" means the Government of the Republic of Mauritius or of any other State;"Minister" means the Minister to whom responsibility for the subject of national security is assigned;"proscribed organisation"—(a)means an organisation which has been declared to be a pro­scribed organisation under section 4; and(b)includes a group which has been declared to be an international terrorist group under section 10;"terrorist investigation" means an investigation of—(a)the commission, preparation, or instigation of an act of terrorism or any other offence under this Act;(b)any act or omission reasonably suspected to have been done for an act of terrorism or any other offence under this Act;(c)the resources of a proscribed organisation;"terrorist property" means property which—(a)has been, is being or is likely to be used for any act of terrorism;(b)has been, is being or is likely to be used by a proscribed organi­sation;(c)are the proceeds of an act of terrorism; or(d)is gathered for the pursuit of, or in connection with, an act of terrorism;"trustee" has the same meaning as in the Trusts Act.[S. 2 amended by s. 26 of Act 14 of 2005 w.e.f. 21 April 2005, s. 3 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017.]

Part II – Acts of terrorism and related offences

3. Prohibition of acts of terrorism

(1)Any person who—
(a)does, participates in, collaborates in, consents to, threatens to do, or does an act preparatory to, or in furtherance of, an act of terrorism;
(aa)promotes, encourages or exhorts one or more persons to commit an act of terrorism; or
(b)omits to do anything that is reasonably necessary to prevent an act of terrorism,
shall commit an offence.
(2)In this section—"act of terrorism" means an act which—
(a)may seriously damage a country or an international organisa­tion; and
(b)is intended or can reasonably be regarded as having been in­tended to—
(i)seriously intimidate a population;
(ii)unduly compel a Government or an international organisa­tion to perform or abstain from performing any act;
(iii)seriously destabilise or destroy the fundamental political, constitutional, economic, or social structures of a country or an international organisation; or
(iv)otherwise influence such Government, or international or­ganisation; and
(c)involves or causes, as the case may be—
(i)attacks on a person's life which may cause death;
(ii)attacks on the physical integrity of a person;
(iii)kidnapping of a person;
(iv)extensive destruction to a Government or public facility, a transport system, an infrastructure facility, including an in­formation system, a fixed platform located on the continen­tal shelf, a public place or private property, likely to endan­ger human life or result in major economic loss;
(v)the seizure of an aircraft, a ship, or other means of public or goods transport;
(vi)the manufacture, possession, acquisition, transport, supply or use of weapons, explosives or of nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons, as well as research into, and develop­ment of, biological and chemical weapons;
(vii)the release of dangerous substance, or causing of fires, explosions or floods, the effect of which is to endanger human life;
(viii)interference with or disruption of the supply of water, power, or any other fundamental natural resource, the ef­fect of which is to endanger life.
[S. 3 amended by s. 4 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017.]

4. Proscribed organisations

(1)Where any 2 or more persons associate for the purpose of, or where an organisation engages in—
(a)participating, or collaborating, in an act of terrorism;
(b)promoting, encouraging, or exhorting others to commit an act of terrorism; or
(c)setting up or pursuing acts of terrorism,
the Judge in Chambers may, on an application made by the Commissioner, declare the association or organisation to be a proscribed organisation.
(2)Any declaration made under subsection (1) shall be published in the Gazette, in 2 daily newspapers and at such other places as the Judge in Chambers shall determine.
(3)Any publication made under subsection (2) shall contain such relevant particulars as the Judge in Chambers may specify.
(4)Any person who belongs, or professes to belong, to a proscribed or­ganisation shall commit an offence.
(4A)Any person who receives training from, or in any manner partici­pates in training with, a proscribed organisation shall commit an offence.
(5)It shall be a defence for a person charged under subsection (4) or (4A) to prove that—
(a)the organisation had not been declared a proscribed organisation at the time he—
(i)became, or began to profess to be, a member of the organi­sation; or
(ii)received training from, or in any manner participated in train­ing with, the organisation; or
(b)he had not taken part in the activities of the organisation at any time after it had been declared to be a proscribed organisation.
(6)The Judge in Chambers may—
(a)upon application by the proscribed organisation or by any person affected by a declaration made under subsection (1); and
(b)on being satisfied that a proscribed organisation has ceased to engage in the acts specified in subsection (1) and that there is no likelihood of the organisation engaging in such acts specified in subsection (1) in the future,
cancel the declaration made under that subsection.
[S. 4 amended by s. 5 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017.]

5. Terrorist meetings

Any person who—
(a)arranges, manages, or assists in arranging or managing, or par­ticipates in a meeting, or an activity, which he knows is con­cerned with an act of terrorism;
(b)provides logistics, equipment, or facilities for a meeting, or an ac­tivity, which he knows is concerned with an act of terrorism; or
(c)attends a meeting, which he knows is to support a proscribed or­ganisation, or to further the objectives of a proscribed organisation,
shall commit an offence.

5A. Terrorist training

Any person who knowingly attends a place in or outside Mauritius for the purpose of receiving instructions or training in relation to acts of terrorism shall commit an offence.[S. 5A inserted by s. 6 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017.]

6. Support

(1)Any person who, in any manner or form—
(a)solicits support for, or tenders support in relation to, an act of terrorism, or
(b)solicits support for, or tenders support to, a proscribed organisation or a person declared to be a suspected international terrorist under section 10 (1),
shall commit an offence.
(2)A police officer, not below the rank of Superintendent of Police, or duly authorised by a Superintendent of Police, may, without warrant, arrest a person who, in a public place—
(a)wears an item of clothing; or
(b)carries or displays an object,
in such a way or in such circumstances as to arouse reasonable suspicion that he belongs to a proscribed organisation.
(3)Where a person is arrested under subsection (2), he shall be brought without undue delay before a Court.
(4)In subsection (1)—"support" includes—
(a)instigation to the cause of terrorism;
(b)
(i)offer of material assistance, weapons including biological, chemical or nuclear weapons, explosives, training, transpor­tation, false documentation or identification;
(ii)offer or provision of moral assistance, including invitation to adhere to a proscribed organisation;
(c)the provision of, or making available, such financial or other re­lated services as may be prescribed.
[S. 6 amended by s. 7 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017; s. 55 of Act 11 of 2018 w.e.f. 9 August 2018.]

7. Harbouring terrorist

Any person who harbours, conceals, or causes to be harboured or concealed, any person whom he knew to have committed, or to have been convicted of, an act of terrorism, or against whom he knew that a warrant of arrest or imprisonment for such an act had been issued, shall commit an offence.

8. Information about acts of terrorism

(1)Subject to subsections (2) and (3), where a person has information which he knows or believes might be of material assistance—
(a)in preventing the commission by another person of an act of terrorism; or
(b)in securing the apprehension, prosecution, or conviction of an­other person for an offence under this Act,
and that person fails to disclose to a police officer at any police station the information as soon as reasonably practicable, he shall commit an offence.
(2)It shall be a defence for a person charged under subsection (1) to prove that he has reasonable excuse for not making the disclosure.
(3)Subsection (1) does not require disclosure by a law practitioner of any information, or a belief or suspicion based on any information, which he obtained in privileged circumstances.
(4)For the purpose of subsection (3), information is obtained by a law practitioner in privileged circumstances where it is disclosed to him—
(a)by his client in connection with the provision of legal advice, not being a disclosure with a view to furthering a criminal purpose;
(b)by any person for the purpose of actual or contemplated legal proceedings, and not with a view to furthering a criminal purpose.

8A. Terrorism hoax

(1)Any person who communicates to another person any information, which he knows or should have known to be false, with the intention of inducing in that other person or any other person a belief that an act of terrorism will take place shall commit an offence.
(2)Any person who does any other act with the intention of inducing in any other person a false belief that an act of terrorism will take place shall commit an offence.
[S. 8A inserted by s. 8 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017.]

9. Obstruction of terrorist investigation

(1)Any person who—
(a)discloses to another anything which is likely to prejudice a terror­ist investigation;
(b)interferes with material which is likely to be relevant to a terror­ist investigation,
shall commit an offence.
(2)It shall be a defence for a person charged with an offence under sub­section (1) to prove that—
(a)he did not know and had no reasonable cause to suspect that the disclosure was likely to affect a terrorist investigation; or
(b)he had a reasonable excuse for the disclosure or interference.
(3)Subsection (1) does not apply to a disclosure which is made by a law practitioner to—
(a)his client in connection with the provision of legal advice, not being a disclosure with a view to furthering a criminal purpose;
(b)any person for the purpose of actual or contemplated legal pro­ceedings, and not with a view to furthering a criminal purpose.

10. International terrorism

(1)The Minister may declare any person to be a suspected international terrorist where—
(a)he reasonably suspects that the person—
(i)is or has been concerned in the commission, preparation, or instigation of acts of international terrorism;
(ii)is a member of, or belongs to, an international terrorist group; or
(iii)has links with an international terrorist group, and he rea­sonably believes that the person is a risk to national security;
(b)the person is listed as a person involved in terrorist acts in any Resolution of the United Nations Security Council or in any in­strument of the Council of the European Union; or
(c)the person is considered as a person involved in terrorist acts by such State or other organisation as the Minister may approve.
(2)Where the Minister makes a declaration under subsection (1) (a), he shall, in such manner as he considers appropriate, cause the person declared to be a suspected international terrorist to be notified as soon as is reasona­bly practicable.
(3)Where a person declared a suspected international terrorist under subsection (1) possesses the Mauritian citizenship as well as the citizenship of any other country or State, the Minister may deprive that person of his Mauritian citizenship in the manner specified in section 11 of the Mauritian Citizenship Act.
(4)The Minister may declare a group to be an international terrorist group if the group—
(a)is subject to the control or influence of persons outside Mauri­tius, and the Minister reasonably suspects that it is concerned in the commission, preparation, or instigation of acts of internation­al terrorism; or
(b)is listed as a group or entity involved in terrorist acts in any Res­olution of the United Nations Security Council or in any instrument of the Council of the European Union; or
(c)is considered as a group or entity involved in terrorist acts by such competent authority of such State as the Minister may approve.
(5)Reference in this Act to a proscribed organisation shall be deemed to include reference to an international terrorist group, and, whenever applica­ble, to a suspected international terrorist.
(6)The Minister may, with respect to any suspected international terror­ist or an international terrorist group, make regulations to provide—
(a)for the freezing of his or its funds, financial assets or other eco­nomic resources, including funds derived from property, owned, or controlled directly or indirectly, by him or it, by persons acting on his or its behalf or at his or its direction;
(b)for the prevention of his or its entry into, or transit in, Mauritius;
(c)for the prohibition of the direct or indirect supply, sale and trans­fer to him or it of arms, weapons, ammunitions, military vehicles and equipment, paramilitary equipment, spare parts and related material, and technical advice, assistance, or training related to military activities;
(d)that any person who contravenes any regulations made under this subsection shall commit an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to penal servitude for a term not exceeding 5 years.
(7)The Minister shall give notice of any declaration made under subsec­tions (1) and (4) in the Gazette and in such other manner as he deems fit.
(8)For the purpose of this section—"act of international terrorism" means an act of terrorism involving—
(a)a non-citizen; or
(b)any person possessing dual citizenship as specified in subsec­tion (3).

11. ***

[S. 11 repealed by s. 10 (2) (a) of Act 37 of 2003 w.e.f. 22 November 2003.]

12. Hostages

(1)Any person who—
(a)seizes or detains;
(b)threatens to kill, injure, or continue to detain,
another person in order to compel a third party to do or abstain from doing any act, as an explicit or implicit condition for the release of the hostage, shall commit an offence.
(2)In this section—"third party" means a State, an international governmental organisa­tion, a natural or juridical person or a group of persons.

Part IIA – Terrorist groups

[Part IIA inserted by s. 9 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017.]

12A. Recruiting persons in terrorist groups

Any person who recruits another person so that he belongs to a group or an organisation, knowing that the group or organisation—
(a)is a proscribed organisation; or
(b)carries out, or participates in the carrying out of one or more acts of terrorism,
shall commit an offence.[S. 12A inserted by s. 9 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017.]

12B. Participating in terrorist groups

Any person who participates in a group or an organisation, knowing that the group or organisation—
(a)is a proscribed organisation; or
(b)carries out, or participates in the carrying out of one or more acts of terrorism, shall commit an offence.
[S. 12B inserted by s. 9 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017.]

Part III – Terrorist cash and terrorist property

13. ***

[S. 13 repealed by s. 10 (2) (a) of Act 37 of 2003 w.e.f. 22 November 2003.]

14. ***

[S. 14 repealed by s. 10 (2) (a) of Act 37 of 2003 w.e.f. 22 November 2003.]

15. Dealing in terrorist property

(1)Any person who enters into, or becomes concerned in, an arrange­ment which facilitates the retention or control by, or on behalf of, another person of terrorist property, in any manner, including by—
(a)concealment;
(b)removal from the jurisdiction; or
(c)transfer to any other person,
shall commit an offence.
(2)It shall be a defence for a person charged under subsection (1) to prove that he did not know and had no reasonable cause to suspect that the arrangement related to terrorist property.

16. ***

[S. 16 repealed by s. 65 (5) Act 9 of 2011 w.e.f. 1 February 2012.]

17. ***

[S. 17 repealed by s. 65 (5) Act 9 of 2011 w.e.f. 1 February 2012.]

Part IV – Counterterrorism Unit and Counterterrorsim Committee

[Part IV amended by s. 25 (4) (a) of Act 35 of 2003 w.e.f. 15 November 2003; inserted by s. 10 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017.]

18. Counterterrorism Unit

There shall be for the purposes of this Act within the Prime Minister's Office a Counterterrorism Unit which shall be headed by a Director.[S. 18 repealed by s. 25 (4) (b) of Act 35 of 2003 w.e.f. 15 November 2003; inserted by s. 10 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017.]

19. Functions of Counterterrorism Unit

The Counterterrorism Unit shall—
(a)collect, collate and analyse terrorism-related intelligence;
(b)disseminate to investigatory authorities such intelligence concern­ing any suspicious person or activity or terrorism-related offence;
(c)transmit terrorism-related information to the Commissioner;
(d)educate the public against terrorism; and
(e)enlist and foster public support in combating terrorism.
[S. 19 repealed by s. 25 (4) (b) of Act 35 of 2003 w.e.f. 15 November 2003; inserted by s. 10 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017.]

20. Staff of Counterterrorism Unit

(1)The Secretary to Cabinet and Head of the Civil Service may, on the recommendation of the Prime Minister's Office and subject to the Public Service Commission Regulations—
(a)designate such public officers as may be necessary to assist the Counterterrorism Unit;
(b)enlist, as may be necessary, the services of suitable counterter­rorism experts to advise the Counterterrorism Unit.
(2)Any officer designated or expert enlisted under subsection (1) shall be under the administrative control of the Director.
[S. 20 repealed by s. 25 (4) (b) of Act 35 of 2003 w.e.f. 15 November 2003; inserted by s. 10 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017.]

21. Counterterrorism Committee

(1)There is set up for the purposes of this Act a Committee which shall consist of—
(a)a Chairperson, who shall be the Secretary to Cabinet and Head of the Civil Service;
(b)the Secretary for Home Affairs;
(c)the Commissioner of Police;
(d)the National Security Advisor;
(e)the Solicitor-General or his representative;
(f)the Director-General of the National Security Service; and
(g)the Director of the Counterterrorism Unit.
(2)The Prime Minister may appoint any such other person as he may determine to form part of the Committee.
[S. 21 repealed by s. 25 (4) (b) of Act 35 of 2003 w.e.f. 15 November 2003; inserted by s. 10 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017.]

22. Meetings of Committee

(1)The Committee shall meet at least once every 3 months and at such time and place as the Chairperson of the Committee may determine.
(2)At any meeting of the Committee, 4 members, including the Chair­person, shall constitute a quorum.
(3)Where the Chairperson is absent from a meeting, the members pre­sent shall elect from among themselves a member to chair the meeting.
(4)The Committee shall regulate its meetings and proceedings in such manner as it may determine.
[S. 22 repealed by s. 25 (4) (b) of Act 35 of 2003 w.e.f. 15 November 2003; inserted by s. 10 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017.]

22A. Functions of Committee

The functions of the Committee shall be to—
(a)ensure that the Counterterrorism Unit discharges its functions under section 19 of the Act;
(b)ensure that general preparedness plans in relation to counterter­rorism are activated at all levels;
(c)review the adequacy of counterterrorism legislation in Mauritius;
(d)advise the Minister on counterterrorism issues; and
(e)take such other measures as may be appropriate in the circum­stances.
[S. 22A inserted by s. 10 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017.]

22B. Disclosure of interest

(1)Where a member of the Committee or a person related to the member by blood or marriage, has a pecuniary or other material interest in relation to any matter before the Committee, the member shall—
(a)disclose the nature of the interest before or at the meeting convened to discuss that matter; and
(b)not take part in any deliberation relating to that matter.
(2)A disclosure of interest made under subsection (1) shall be recorded in the minutes of proceedings of the meeting of the Committee convened to discuss that matter.
[S. 22B inserted by s. 10 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017.]

22C. Dissemination of information by Director

(1)Where there are grounds to suspect any terrorism-related activity, the Director shall disseminate information and the results of the analysis to the Commissioner or, where appropriate, to the overseas intelligence agencies, for appropriate action.
(2)Notwithstanding any other enactment, where the Director becomes aware of any information which gives rise to a reasonable suspicion that a terrorism-related activity might have been committed or is about to be committed, the Director may request any such information from any institution that may provide useful elements relevant to the terrorism-related activity, and the institution shall, as soon as practicable, furnish the Director with the requested information.
(3)In this section—"institution" means any Government or non-government organisation, financial or non-financial institution, law enforcement authority or anyother regulatory body.
[S. 22C inserted by s. 10 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017.]

Part IVA – Protection measures

[Part IVA inserted by s. 11 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017.]

22D. Protection of informers

(1)
(a)Where any information is received by any person other than a po­lice officer concerning an act of terrorism, any other activity relating to ter­rorism or any preparatory act in that connection in Mauritius or elsewhere, that person shall—
(i)forthwith report the matter to a police officer at the nearest police station; and
(ii)not disclose the information or the name of the informer to any other person.
(b)Any matter relating to information referred to in paragraph (a) which is received by a person other than a police officer shall—
(i)be privileged; and
(ii)not be disclosed in any proceedings before any Court, tri­bunal or other authority.
(2)Where any record which is given in evidence, or liable to inspection in any proceedings contains an entry relating to the informer or the information given by the informer, the person having custody of the record shall cause every part relating to the informer or the information given to be concealed from view so as to protect the identity of the informer.
(3)Any person who contravenes this section shall commit an offence.
(4)Any person who commits an act of victimisation against a person who makes a report under subsection (1) shall commit an offence.
(5)In this section—"victimisation" means an act—
(a)which causes injury, damage, or loss;
(b)of intimidation or harassment;
(c)of discrimination, disadvantage, or adverse treatment in relation to a person's employment; or
(d)amounting to a threat of reprisals.
[S. 22D inserted by s. 11 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017.]

Part V – Investigation

23. ***

[S. 23 repealed by s. 25 (4) (b) of Act 35 of 2003 w.e.f. 15 November 2003.]

24. ***

[S. 24 repealed by s. 25 (4) (b) of Act 35 of 2003 w.e.f. 15 November 2003.]

25. Intelligence gathering

(1)Notwithstanding any other enactment, the Minister may, for the pur­pose of the prevention or detection of offences, or the prosecution of of­fenders, under this Act, give such directions as may be necessary to—
(a)communication service providers generally;
(b)communication service providers of a specified description;
(c)any particular communication service provider—
(i)not to disclose any data or data of any description;
(ii)to retain any data subject to such requirements or re­strictions as he may determine.
(2)Before giving a direction under this section, the Minister may consult any communication service provider he deems fit to consult.
(3)A direction under this section shall specify the maximum period for which a communication service provider may be required not to disclose or retain, as the case may be, communications data.
(3A)Any person who fails to comply with a direction issued under this section shall commit an offence.
(4)In this section—"communication service provider" means a person who provides a postal, or an information and communication, including telecommunica­tions, service,"data" means information recorded in a form in which it can be pro­cessed by equipment operating automatically in response to instructions given for that purpose.
[S. 25 amended by s. 12 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017.]

25A. Special powers of enquiry

(1)Notwithstanding any other enactment, where the Commissioner has reasonable ground to believe that an offence under this Act has been, is being or is likely to be committed by any person, he may apply to a Judge in Chambers for an order authorising a police officer not below the rank of Superintendent to use such electronic and technical device as may be required for the purpose of intelligence gathering or surveillance.
(2)Where, on an application under subsection (1), the Judge in Cham­bers is satisfied that the Commissioner has reasonable ground to suspect that an offence has been, is being or is likely to be committed, the Judge may grant the order.
[S. 25A inserted by s. 13 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017.]

26. Detention of aircraft or vessel

(1)An authorised person may issue a detention order in respect of an aircraft or vessel if he is of opinion that—
(a)a threat has been made to commit an act of violence against the aircraft or vessel, or against any person or property on board the aircraft or vessel; or
(b)an act of violence is likely to be committed against the aircraft or vessel, or against any person or property on board the aircraft or vessel.
(2)Where the operator of an aircraft or vessel fails to comply with a de­tention order under subsection (1), the authorised person may—
(a)enter, or authorise any other person to enter, the aircraft or vessel;
(b)arrange for a person or thing to be removed from the aircraft or vessel,
and may use reasonable force, or authorise the use of reasonable force, by another person for any such purpose.
(3)The authorised person shall give written notice to the operator of the aircraft or vessel of any detention order issued under this section.
(4)Where the operator of an aircraft or vessel objects to a detention or­der, the Minister may, after hearing the interested parties, confirm, vary or cancel the order.
(5)Any person who—
(a)without reasonable excuse, fails to comply with the requirement of a detention order;
(b)intentionally obstructs or hinders any person acting in accord­ance with subsection (2),
shall commit an offence.
(6)For the purpose of this section, the Minister may, in writing, desig­nate as an authorised person such person as he deems appropriate.

27. Detention for offences related to terrorism

(1)Where any person is arrested under reasonable suspicion of having committed any offence under section 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 12 or 15, a police officer not below the rank of Superintendent of Police may, subject to this section, direct that the person arrested be detained in police custody for a period not exceeding 36 hours from his arrest, without having access to any person other than a police officer not below the rank of Inspector, or a Government Medical Officer and, in any such case, that person shall be detained accordingly.
(2)No direction under subsection (1) shall be made unless the Police of­ficer has reasonable grounds to believe that giving access to any person oth­er than the Police officer not below the rank of Inspector or the Government Medical Officer specified in that subsection—
(a)will lead to interference with or harm to evidence connected with an offence under section 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 12 or 15, or to in­terference with, or physical injury to, other persons; or
(b)will lead to the alerting of other persons suspected of having committed such an offence but not yet arrested for it; or
(c)will hinder the tracking, search and seizure of terrorist property.
(3)As soon as a direction is issued under subsection (1), the person de­tained shall be informed that he may, if he so wishes, be examined by a Government Medical Officer.
[S. 27 amended by s. 10 (2) (b) of Act 37 of 2003 w.e.f. 22 November 2003.]

28. Custody record and video recording

(1)A custody record containing the information specified in the Third Schedule shall be kept in respect of any person detained pursuant to the powers conferred by section 27.
(2)A video recording shall be made and kept in the manner specified in the Fourth Schedule in respect of any person detained pursuant to the pow­ers conferred by section 27.
(3)A video recording under this section shall, notwithstanding the com­mon law rule against hearsay, be admissible in evidence in the course of any judicial proceedings to the same extent and in the same manner as documen­tary evidence would be admissible.
(4)In this section—"video recording" includes the recording of visual images or sound by electronic or other technological means.

Part VA – Control order

[Part VA inserted by s. 14 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017.]

28A. Control order

(1)The Commissioner may apply to the Judge in Chambers for a control order to be issued to any person to—
(a)protect the public from an act of terrorism;
(b)prevent the provision of support for, or the facilitation of, an act of terrorism; or
(c)prevent the provision of support for, or the facilitation of the en­gagement in, an act of terrorism in another State.
(2)A control order may, for such time as may be specified in the order—
(a)prevent the person from—
(i)remaining in any locality or leaving Mauritius;
(ii)communicating or associating with certain persons;
(iii)purchasing or otherwise requiring provision of such object as may be specified in the order;
(iv)carrying out a specified activity; or
(v)accessing certain forms of technology, including the Internet; or
(b)require that person to—
(i)remain on specified premises for not more than 12 hours within any period of 24 hours;
(ii)wear a tracking device;
(iii)report to a police officer at a certain time and place; or
(iv)allow himself to be photographed and his fingerprints to be taken.
(3)The Judge in Chambers may, on an application made under subsec­tion (1), grant the order where he is satisfied that—
(a)making the order would assist in preventing or detecting an act of terrorism;
(b)the person has provided training to, received training from or participated in training with, a proscribed organisation;
(c)the person has engaged in an act of terrorism in another State;
(d)the person has been convicted in Mauritius of an offence relating to terrorism;
(e)the person has been convicted in another State of an offence that, if engaged in Mauritius, would constitute an offence relating to terrorism; or
(f)every obligation, prohibition, or restriction to be imposed on the person by the order is, having regard to the person's financial and other circumstances, reasonably necessary for any purpose specified in subsection (1).
(4)No control order shall take effect unless the person subject to it is notified personally of the order.
(5)Any person to whom a control order has been issued may apply to a Judge in Chambers for the revocation or variation of the order on giving notice in writing to the Commissioner of the application and the grounds on which the revocation or variation is sought, and the Judge in Chambers may, on such application, make such order as he may determine.
(6)Any person who contravenes a control order shall commit an offence.
(7)In any proceeding under this section, the Judge in Chambers may require the attendance of the Ministere Public.
[S. 28A inserted by s. 14 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017.]

Part VI – Prosecution

29. Prosecution for offence

(1)No prosecution for an offence under this Act shall be instituted ex­cept by or with the consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions.
(2)A Court may, on motion by or on behalf of the Director of Public Prosecutions, order that no person shall publish—
(a)the name, address or photograph of any witness in any case tried or about to be tried before it for any offence under this Act; or
(b)any evidence or any other matter likely to lead to the identifica­tion of the witness.
(3)A Court may, on motion by or on behalf of the Director of Public Prosecutions, in the interest of public safety or public order, exclude from proceedings instituted for any offence under this Act, any person other than the parties and their legal representatives.
(4)Any person who contravenes an order made under subsection (3) shall commit an offence.

30. Extraterritorial jurisdiction

A Mauritian Court shall have jurisdiction to try an offence and inflict the penalties specified in this Act where the act constituting the offence under sections 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 12 and 15, has been done or completed outside Mau­ritius and—
(a)the victim is a citizen of the Republic of Mauritius or has an ef­fective link with Mauritius or is dealing with or on behalf of the Government of Mauritius;
(b)the alleged offender is in Mauritius; or
(c)the alleged offender is in Mauritius, and Mauritius does not ex­tradite him.
[S. 30 amended by s. 10 (2) (b) of Act 37 of 2003 w.e.f. 22 November 2003.]

31. Competent court

(1)Subject to subsection (2), prosecution for an offence under this Act shall take place, at the sole discretion of the Director of Public Prosecutions, before a Judge without a jury, the Intermediate court, or the District court.
(2)A prosecution for an offence under section 3 shall take place before a Judge without a jury.
(3)Notwithstanding any other enactment, the Intermediate court shall have—
(a)jurisdiction to impose any penalty provided for an offence under this Act provided that the penalty for an offence does not ex­ceed 20 years; and
(b)power to order sentences imposed under this Act to be served consecutively provided that the terms of such sentences shall not in the aggregate exceed 30 years.
(4)Sections 150, 151, 152 and 153 of the Criminal Procedure Act and the Probation of Offenders Act shall not apply to a conviction for an offence under this Act.

32. Penalties

(1)Subject to subsection (3), any person who commits an offence against this Act shall, on conviction, be liable—
(a)in the case of an offence under sections 3 and 8A, to penal servitude for a term of not less than 5 years nor more than 35 years;
(b)in the case of an offence under sections 4, 5, 5A, 6, 7, 12, 12A, 12B and 15, to penal servitude for a term of not less than 3 years nor more than 20 years;
(c)in the case of an offence under sections 8 and 9, to penal servi­tude for a term of not less than 2 years nor more than 15 years;
(d)in the case of an offence under sections 22D, 25, 26, 28A and 29, to a fine not exceeding 50,000 rupees and to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 5 years.
(2)The Court before which a person is convicted of an offence under this Act may, in addition to any penalty imposed by the Court, order the for­feiture of—
(a)any terrorist cash, with any accrued interest, or terrorist property;
(b)any article, substance, device, or material by means of which the offence was committed;
(c)any vehicle or vessel used in the commission of the offence.
(3)
(a)Any person who has been convicted of a conspiracy to commit any of the offences under section 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 12, or 15 shall be exempted from penalty as specified in subsection (1) and absolutely discharged if, hav­ing revealed the conspiracy to the police or to the Court, he has made it pos­sible to prevent the commission of the offence and to identify the other per­sons involved in the conspiracy.
(b)Notwithstanding subsection (1), the penalty incurred by any per­son convicted of any offence referred to in that subsection shall be reduced in such manner as the Court thinks just where that person has, before any proceedings, made possible or facilitated the identification of the other guilty persons, or who, after the commencement of proceedings, has made possi­ble or facilitated the arrest of such persons.
[S. 32 amended by s. 10 (2) (b) of Act 37 of 2003 w.e.f. 22 November 2003; s. 15 of Act 27 of 2016 w.e.f. 9 January 2017.]

Part VII – Miscellaneous

33. Regulations

(1)The Minister may, for the purposes of this Act, make such regulations as he thinks fit.
(2)Regulations made under subsection (1) may provide for—
(a)the types of financial or other related services which may not be provided to proscribed organisations;
(b)the amendment of the Schedules.

34. ***

35. ***

First Schedule (Sections 2 and 17)

Financial Services ActImmigration Act in so far it applies to section 5AInsurance ActSecurities (Central Depository, Clearing and Settlement) ActSecurities ActTrusts Act[First Sch. amended by s. 156 (10) of Act 22 of 2005 w.e.f. 28 September 2007; s. 97 (7) of Act 14 of 2007 w.e.f. 28 September 2007.]

Second Schedule (Section 11)

Third Schedule (Section 28 (1))

Custody record

1.Entries shall be made in the Custody Record in respect of all matters relevant to the detention of the arrested person. In particular, the entries shall be made in respect of the following-
(a)an accurate record of the time and place of-
(i)the arrest;
(ii)the issue of the direction under section 27; and
(iii)each interview, including any interview immediately following his arrest, of the person detained;
(b)the place or places where the interview takes place;
(c)the time at which the interview begins and the time at which it ends;
(d)any break during the interview;
(e)the names of persons present at the interviews;
(f)the time and reason for any transfer of the detained person from one place of custody to another as well as the time at which the deten­tion ends;
(g)any property secured from the person on his arrest or during his detention;
(h)the name and rank of the police officer upon whose authority any action in relation to the detained person is taken; and
(i)the ground or grounds, set out in section 27 (2), on which the deten­tion is based.
2.The Custody Record shall be opened as soon as practicable after the start of a person's detention under section 27.
3.The person making an entry in the Custody Record shall insert the time at which the entry is made and his signature against the entry made.
4.The Custody Record or copy of the Custody Record shall accompany a de­tained person to any other place where he is transferred.
5.A copy of the Custody Record shall be supplied to the person detained or his legal representative as soon as is practicable after he or the representative makes a request upon his release from detention or his being taken to Court.
6.The person detained shall be allowed to check and shall be made to insert his signature in respect of any entry in the Custody Record.
7.An entry shall be made in respect of any refusal of the person detained to insert his signature where such signature is required.
8.Entries in the Custody Record shall be made as soon as practicable after the occurrence of the events to which they relate.
9.A police officer not below the rank of Inspector shall be responsible for en­suring the accuracy and completeness of the Custody Record and that the Cus­tody Record or a copy of the Record accompanies the detained person on his transfer.
10.Entries in a computerized Custody Record shall be timed and shall contain evidence of the computer operator's identity.

Fourth Schedule (Section 28 (2))

Video recording

1.The video recording of the detained person during his period of detention under section 27 shall be carried out in such manner as to constitute an accu­rate, continuous and uninterrupted record of the whole period of his detention, including his movements, interviews and statements.
2.When issuing the direction for detention under section 27, the Police Officer shall make arrangements for the video recording of the person detained during the whole of the period of his detention.
3.The Police Officer shall, for the purposes of the video recording, designate a recording officer under whose responsibility and control the video recording shall be conducted.
4.The recording officer shall be responsible for starting, without delay and im­mediately after a direction is issued under section 27, and for continuing the video recording without any interruption during the whole of the period of detention.
5.The recording officer shall, in respect of the video recording, keep a written record of the following—
(a)the name of the person detained;
(b)the name and rank of the recording officer;
(c)the name of the Police Officer who issued the direction under sec­tion 27;
(d)the names of all the persons involved in the video recording;
(e)the identification numbers of the video records used for video recording;
(f)the date, time of commencement, duration, and place of—
(i)the detention; and
(ii)the recording;
(g)the place at which the video records are kept,
(h)particulars of the movement of the video records.
6.Where the person detained raises any objection during his period of deten­tion or makes any statement, the whole of his objection or statement shall be recorded.
7.
(a)The video record, referred to herein as the master video record, shall be sealed, with a label specifying that the record is a master video record, in the presence of the detained person at the end of his period of detention.
(b)The recording officer shall sign the label and ask the detained person and any third-party present to sign the label.
(c)Where the detained person or the third-party refuses to sign the label, another person may be asked to sign it.
8.
(a)Where more than one video record is used, the recording officer shall ensure that all the video records are properly identified and labelled.
(b)This shall be done by marking the video records with an identification number immediately after they are removed from the recorder.
9.The recording officer shall make arrangements for the video records to be kept securely under lock and key under the responsibility of an officer designated for that purpose.
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History of this document

30 June 2017 this version
Consolidation
16 March 2002
Commenced